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Immunization Action Coalition

Government Agencies

Federal and state immunization-related agencies and programs

U.S. Agencies and Programs

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE  |  Visit the DoD Website
Several programs exist within the DoD that impact immunization issues.
Immunization Healthcare Branch
    This site provides access to current immunization program information for the Department of Defense and the Military Services. The site contains disease and vaccine information.
Many centers and agencies within this department support activities related to immunization.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
    CDC, a part of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the primary Federal agency for conducting and supporting public health activities in the United States.
Visit IAC's CDC Materials section.
Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS)
    CMS is the agency within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services responsible for administering, sometimes in partnership with the states, various programs that impact the provision of immunization services, such as Medicare, Medicaid, the State Children's Health Insurance Program, the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), and Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA).
Some of the areas within CMS that pertain to immunization include:
This site includes links to pay rates, billing instructions, FAQs for providers, and best practices.
Medicare Quality Improvement Organizations (QIOs)
QIOs, formerly known as Peer Review Organizations (PROs), work with hospitals, clinics, and long-term care facilities across each state on quality improvement projects..
Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    The FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation's food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. The FDA is also responsible for advancing the public health by helping to speed innovations that make medicines and foods more effective, safer, and more affordable; and helping the public get the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to improve their health. FDA is an agency within the Department of Health and Human Services and consists of eight centers/offices.
The following is the center of the FDA that regulates biological products:
Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (CBER)
CBER is the center within the FDA responsible for ensuring the safety and efficacy of blood and blood products, vaccines, etc. Call (800) 835-4709 to speak to a consumer safety officer or a public affairs specialist between 8:00 am–4:30 pm ET.
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    The National Institutes of Health, an agency under the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, is the steward of medical and behavioral research for the nation.
Some of the areas within NIH that pertain to immunization include:
Through its National Library of Medicine, NIH has developed ClinicalTrials.gov to provide patients, family members, and members of the public with current information about clinical research studies.
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
NIAID, one of the institutes of NIH, conducts and supports basic and applied research to better understand, treat, and ultimately prevent infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases. It also provides the major support for scientists conducting research aimed at developing better ways to diagnose, treat, and prevent the many infectious, immunologic, and allergic diseases that afflict people worldwide. NIAID supports vaccine evaluation units at a number of U.S. medical centers for the testing of new vaccines in people.
Vaccine Research Center (VRC)
VRC is part of the NIAID and was established to facilitate research on vaccine development.
NIAID publications
- Jordan Report: Accelerated Development of Vaccines 2012
National Vaccine Program Office (NVPO)
    This division of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services carries out the objectives of the National Vaccine Plan. The website contains information about vaccines, and why and how they are used.
    This comprehensive website on women's health issues is sponsored by the Office on Women's Health, Department of Health and Human Services.
National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP)
    This program was enacted by Congress as a no-fault alternative to the tort system for resolving claims resulting from adverse reactions to mandated childhood vaccines. Three Federal government offices have a role in the VICP: the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services; the U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ); and the U.S. Court of Federal Claims (the Court). The site includes information on how to make a claim. For information, call (800) 338-2382.
Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System (VAERS)
    VAERS is a vaccine safety surveillance system of the FDA and CDC that monitors and collects data on reports of adverse events following vaccination. The site includes FAQ and information on how to report an adverse event. Adverse event reports can be submitted online at www.vaers.hhs.gov Follow the link on the left hand side of the page titled " VAERS Web Submission." Submissions by mail may be sent to: VAERS, P.O. Box 1100, Rockville, MD 20849-1100. For information by phone, call (800) 822-7967.
    Vaccines.gov is the federal gateway to information on vaccines and immunization for infants, children, teenagers, adults, and seniors. Vaccines.gov provides resources from federal agencies for the general public and their communities about vaccines across the lifespan.
U.S. DEPARTMENT OF LABOR  |  Visit the DOL Website
The Department of Labor administers Federal labor laws including those that guarantee workers’ rights to safe and healthful working conditions.
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
    OSHA, under the Department of Labor, aims to ensure worker safety and health in the United States by working with employers and employees to create better working environments. OSHA maintains a website pertaining to bloodborne pathogens and, a mandatory hepatitis B declination form for employees can be accessed by clicking here.
This page was updated on January 18, 2016.
This page was reviewed on January 13, 2016.
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This website is supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (Grant No. 6NH23IP22550) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, GA. The website content is the sole responsibility of IAC and does not necessarily represent the official views of CDC.