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Adjuvants & Ingredients

Adjuvants and Ingredients

Adjuvants are substances added to certain vaccines to increase the body's immune response to that vaccine. Ingredients are added to inactivate viruses or bacteria, to preserve them, and to prevent them from losing potency over time. Vaccines containing adjuvants and ingredients are tested for safety in clinical trials before they are licensed for use in the United States.
Adjuvants and Ingredients Resources
Immunization Action Coalition (IAC)
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Handouts for Parents
IAC's collection of handouts for staff and patients
Clear Answers and Smart Advice About Your Baby's Shots
Clear Answers and Smart Advice About Your Baby's Shots
Need Help Responding to Vaccine-Hesitant Parents? Science-Based Materials Are Available from These Respected Organizations
Need Help Responding to Vaccine-Hesitant Parents? Science-Based Materials Are Available from These Respected Organizations
View All Handouts for Parents View All Handouts for Parents
View All IAC Handouts and Staff Education Materials View All IAC Handouts and Staff Education Materials
Click this arrow to watch A Practical Guide to Improving Adult Vaccination Rates in Your Practice
Ask the Experts: Vaccine Safety
IAC experts answer challenging questions about vaccines
Click this arrow to view IAC's collection of vaccine information statements
Vaccine Information Statements
VISs are information sheets produced by CDC that explain both the benefits and risks of a vaccine to vaccine recipients
Click this arrow to view IAC's collection of unprotected people reports
Unprotected People Stories
Real-life accounts of suffering and loss
Click this arrow to view the vaccine safety websection on vaccineinformation.org
Vaccine Basics: Vaccine Safety
The Vaccine Basics web section on vaccineinformation.org provides information about importance of vaccines and answers many common questions about vaccines and getting vaccinated
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
Click this arrow to view CDC's Vaccine Excipient Summary
Vaccine Excipient Summary
Table of excipients (ingredients) found in U.S. vaccines
Click this arrow for Ingredients of Vaccines--Fact Sheet
Ingredients of Vaccines - Fact Sheet
Read about ingredients that maybe used in the production of vaccines
Adjuvants Help Vaccines Work Better
Adjuvants Help Vaccines Work Better
Learn about adjuvants and how they are monitored for safety and effectiveness
Click this arrow to view CDC's Talking with Parents about Vaccines for Infants
Talking with Parents about Vaccines for Infants
Strategies for healthcare professionals about how to discuss vaccines with parents
U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
Click this arrow to view FDA's Common Ingredients in U.S. Licensed Vaccines
Common Ingredients in U.S. Licensed Vaccines
FDA web page discussing why adjuvants and other vaccine ingredients are added to vaccines
Vaccine Education Center (VEC), Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
Click this arrow to view VEC's Vaccine Ingredients
Vaccine Ingredients: What You Should Know
2-page Q&A handout for parents answering questions about vaccine ingredients, including aluminum, mercury, gelatin, and antibiotics
Click this arrow to view VEC's Aluminum in Vaccines: What You Should Know
Aluminum in Vaccines: What You Should Know
2-page Q&A for parents describing how the small amount of aluminum in vaccines is not harmful
Vaccine Ingredients  Aluminum
Vaccine Ingredients Aluminum
Web page describing the safety of aluminum in vaccines
Vaccine Ingredients - Yeast
Vaccine Ingredients - Yeast
Web page describing that allergy to yeast proteins does not appear to cause allergic reactions following vaccination
American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP)
Vaccine Ingredients: Frequently Asked Questions
Vaccine Ingredients: Frequently Asked Questions
Web page for parents describing why certain ingredients are used in vaccines
Vaxopedia
Are There Hidden Ingredients in Vaccines?
Are There Hidden Ingredients in Vaccines?
Vaccine labels must contain all ingredients; all ingredients must be tested before approved
World Health Organization (WHO)
Click this arrow to view WHO's Adjuvants
Adjuvants
Reports about adjuvants from WHO's Global Vaccine Safety Advisory Committee
GLT
GRT
 
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Vaccine Ingredients: What You Should Know
Vaccine Ingredients: What You Should Know
2-page Q&A for parents about vaccine ingredients, including aluminum, mercury, and gelatin, from Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
    >> Spanish-language version
 
      VIDEOS
Video: Is the Aluminum in Vaccines Safe?
Is the Aluminum in Vaccines Safe?
Paul A. Offit, MD, discusses why aluminum is in vaccines and the safety of those small amounts.
Video: Why Are Adjuvants, Like Aluminum, in Vaccines?
Why Are Adjuvants, Like Aluminum, in Vaccines?
Dr. Paul Offit, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, and Dr. Mark Sawyer, Rady Children's Hospital, San Diego, discuss why adjuvants, including aluminum, are found in some vaccines.
Videos & PSAs
more videos for parents
Videos & PSAs
more videos for healthcare professionals
      POWERPOINT SLIDE SETS
PowerPoint: Quick Answers to Tough Questions: Vaccine Talking Points for Busy Health Professionals
Quick Answers to Tough Questions: Vaccine Talking Points for Busy Health Professionals
Help parents who question vaccines; references provided
PowerPoint: Common Immunization Myths and Misconceptions
Common Immunization Myths and Misconceptions
Talking points and resources for busy healthcare professionals
>> more PowerPoint slide sets
      MORE INFORMATION: ADJUVANTS & INGREDIENTS
Institute for Vaccine Safety: Components of Vaccines
Tables organized by excipients, allergens, and vaccine type
vaccineinformation.org
INFANTS
PRETEENS
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GLT
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Vaccine Questions?
• Email: nipinfo@cdc.gov
• Contact: State Immunization Program Managers
 
GLB
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This page was updated on February 20, 2020.
This page was reviewed on July 12, 2019.
 
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This website is supported in part by a cooperative agreement from the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases (Grant No. 6NH23IP22550) at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in Atlanta, GA. The website content is the sole responsibility of IAC and does not necessarily represent the official views of CDC.